David Gruber is the Founder & President of Project CETI (Cetacean Translation Initiative), a nonprofit, interdisciplinary scientific and conservation initiative on a mission to listen to and translate the communication of sperm whales. He is a Distinguished Professor of Biology and Environmental Sciences at the City University of New York, Baruch College & The CUNY Graduate Center. His interdisciplinary research bridges animal communication, climate science, marine biology, microbiology, molecular biology and his inventions include technology to perceive the underwater world (“shark-eye camera”) from the perspective of marine animals.
Dr. Gruber’s research led to the discoveries of the first biofluorescent sea turtle, more than 200 species of biofluorescent and bioluminescent organisms. His research group has identified and elucidated novel families of fluorescent molecules from eels, sharks and corals. His long-standing collaboration with the Harvard Microrobotics Laboratory has led to the engineering of some of the most gentle and minimally-invasive robots to better understand, interact with life in the deep ocean.
Neural networks have enabled breakthroughs in unsupervised machine translation. This research investigates these tools' effectiveness, their dependence on source data, and their potential application in decoding animal communication.
Study of behavior, AI, language processing, and linguistics.
Scientists express serious concerns about extinction risk to cetaceans.
Used ML & CNNs for sperm whale bioacoustics study, achieving up to 99.5% accuracy in tasks like click detection, coda classification, & whale identification.
Polar fish developed antifreeze proteins (AFPs) to survive in subzero temps.
International journal on the biodiversity and evolution of invertebrates.
New species, Parapercis rota, discovered in Solomon Islands' deep waters, distinguishable by unique pigmentation pattern.
Mesophotic and deeper reefs (30-150m, >150m) are among the least studied ocean habitats.
Discovery and characterization of GymFP, a green fluorescent protein in moray eel, broadens understanding of biofluorescence.
Arctic fish, including juvenile Liparis gibbus and adult L. tunicatus, show rare multi-color biofluorescence.
Perspective by D.M. DeLeo & H.D. Bracken-Grissom discussed.
Researchers identified PyroLuc, a potential chordate luciferase causing Pyrosoma's bioluminescence by using coelenterazine, suggesting cross-phyla convergence.
Caribbean chlopsid eel displays green biofluorescence due to fluorescent fat.
Flashlight fish use bioluminescence for nighttime schooling, maintaining cohesion even with few glowing fish.
Chemistry; Natural Product Chemistry; Natural Product Discovery
Bioluminescent Metridia copepods play key roles in marine food webs, with studies revealing complex light production mechanisms.
American Museum Novitates publishes brief papers on new zoology, paleontology, and geology reports.
2018 US Patent #9,952,227: Method to detect bilirubin with eel fluorescent protein.
Verdes & Gruber's 2017 study on diverse bioluminescent properties of annelids.
Biofluorescence is common in marine fishes like sharks. Study of their visual properties and photoreceptor cells reveals potential importance in behavior and biology.
2016 study on deep-sea bioluminescence observed via high-speed sCMOS camera.
Deep-sea bioluminescence is common but difficult to capture due to camera limitations.
American Museum Novitates publishes brief papers on new forms in zoology, geology, and paleontology.
New mesophotic clingfish species discovered in Bahamas, 2012 (Sparks & Gruber).
2009 study on divergent evolutionary patterns in fluorescent protein regions.
2009 study on how bacterial growth phase impacts ciliate grazing selectivity.
2008 study on fluorescent protein expression patterns in Scleractinian corals.
2015 study shows adaptive evolution created bright eel fluorescence from fatty acid proteins.
2015 study on transcriptome sequencing of polychaete Hermodice carunculata.
Plankton Planet' initiative aims to use cost-effective tools and public involvement to globally collect and analyze marine plankton data.
Study shows corals can acclimate to severe deoxygenation through significant transcriptional responses, possibly increasing energy production.
Scleractinian corals, surviving past mass extinctions, show traits like deep water residing and bleaching resistance, aiding their survival today.
Study finds photosynthesis in deep sea corals functions differently to shallow corals, exhibiting varying light absorption and defense mechanisms.
Analysis of 20 coral genomes offers new insights into unique reef-building traits.
Novel method using boron isotopes for reconstructing coral bleaching events.
2014 study on seasonal coral bleaching in the northern Red Sea.
Understanding cell carbon fractionation crucial for reconstructing paleo-CO2.
2014 study on epigenome as a biosensor for exposure to environmental stressors.
Researchers use next-gen sequencing to analyze Favia coral protein families, presenting the first annotated transcriptome of this genus.
2012 Study: Paleo-climatic events trigger algae-coral symbiotic transition
2011 study on changes in Seriatopora hystrix coral morphology across bathymetric gradient.
R. rhodostoma and D. unguja are prevalent corallimorpharians in the northern Red Sea.
Novel fluorescent protein, Vivid Verde (VFP), isolated from warm water coral.
2010 study explores correlation between cancer rates and autism (Kao et al.).
2007 study on dynamic regulation of fluorescent proteins in coral species.
2006 study on dynamics of organic matter in predator-prey system by Gruber et al.
Pieribone & Gruber's 2006 book, where three of the scientists portrayed here went on to win the 2008 Nobel
Feldman AC, Gruber DF 2022: Exhibition at Baruch College's Mishkin Gallery.
Glenn Kaino's exhibition, inspired by global protests, spans MASS MoCA's Building 5.
Gruber, D.F. 2021. Glenn Kaino: This Book is a Promise, DelMonico/MASS MoCA, 86-87.
Modern methods seek to study deep-sea life via robotics and biology, non-invasively.
Tessler et al. show 'soft' robots cause less stress to jellyfish than 'hard' ones.
Nanofiber-reinforced silicone gripper enables gentle marine creature handling.
Scientists develop a soft, low-power, glove-controlled robotic arm for delicate deep-sea biological sampling.
Custom soft robotic manipulators aid in delicate deep-sea studies, allowing for on-the-fly design adjustments and less invasive interaction with fragile marine life.
Robot end effector uses rotary actuator to safely encase mid-water organisms.
2018 study on a modular soft robotic wrist designed for underwater manipulation.
David Gruber, founder of Project Ceti, is a leading voice in marine biology.
Tschäpe & Gruber's 2020 book, 'Fictionary of Corals & Jellies' on coral & jellyfish.
Researchers believe that artificial intelligence may allow us to speak to other species.
The scientist David Gruber explains the mission of Project CETI, and what his team has learned about how whales communicate.
David Gruber, founder of Project CETI, is a renowned marine biologist and whale whisperer.
Researchers use machine learning to understand animals uniquely.
Humans aim to achieve interspecies communication, specifically with whales.
Sam Eaton explores AI tech's role in animal-human communication on IRL finale.
Scientists use machine learning to converse with various animals.
Project uses AI to interpret and respond to sperm whale clicks.
Scientists use AI to decode sperm whale communication.
John Sparks and David Gruber dive into Greenland's icy waters for research.
Scientists design gentle robot to safely scoop delicate deep sea creatures.
Scientists discover molecular basis for creatures' neon glow.
Divers discover neon underwater world, aim to engineer shark-like vision.
Wyss researchers develop a soft, modular underwater robotic arm for marine aid.
Marine biologist, David Gruber, observes unusual night scuba dive event.
David Gruber investigates bioluminescent fish on National Geographic.
David Gruber explores oceanic enigmas for new biomedical tools/treatments.
David Gruber discusses his ocean connection's origins at National Geographic event.
New invention aids safe, effective study of sea creatures in habitat.
TED Talk on jellyfish's survival since pre-dinosaur times.
David Gruber, a National Geographic Explorer, discovered a vividly colored, unidentified object while filming coral near the Solomon Islands.
Exploring how 200+ newly discovered biofluorescent sharks perceive the world.
Marine biologists use rovers for deep-water research; robotic arms may harm organisms.
David Gruber aims to increase knowledge of the deep sea, surpassing moon exploration.
David Gruber, a marine biologist, studies glowing underwater animals.